文章摘要
国家信息能力构建与乡镇统计转型
Statistical modernization and National Information Capacity Building:The perspective of local government construction
投稿时间:2023-12-11  修订日期:2023-12-11
DOI:
中文关键词: 国家信息能力  技术治理  数字治理  统计改革  经济普查
英文关键词: 
基金项目:
作者单位地址
赵阳* 华中科技大学 湖北省武汉市洪山区华中科技大学东七楼
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中文摘要:
      深化统计管理体制改革,尤其是夯实乡镇统计基础,是推进国家信息能力与治理现代化的重要前提。本文通过考察经济普查项目的制度演进史,分析乡镇统计机构在不同历史时期的运作过程与角色张力。研究发现,经济普查制度先后经历了群众动员型(1950~1983)、中央发包型(1983~2013)、技术治理型(2013~至今)三个阶段的重大变迁,反映在资源调配、方案设定、制度规范、数据报送等层面。当前,在国家技术化普查不断演进的新时期,国家治理对统计数据的需求日益增加,如何让乡镇统计建设跟上国家技术治理的步伐,避免数字治理沦为“技术空转”,显得尤为重要。对此,亟待增强基层统计机构的调查能力与执行灵活性,建设一个统计基层基础与国家技术化普查相适配的现代化国家统计调查制度,从而增强国家信息能力。
英文摘要:
      National information capacity is the basis of various national capabilities, and the modernization of statistics, especially the basic base of statistics, is an important dimension to observe national information capacity. This paper takes the system evolution history of national economic census project as a case study to investigate the operation mechanism and role dilemma of grass-roots statistical institutions in different historical stages.It is found that the mode of economic census has undergone three major changes: the type of mass mobilization (1950-1983), the type of central contracting (1983-2013) and the type of technical governance (2013-present). To sum up, this paper points out that the modernization of statistical reform, more important is how to let the grassroots statistical construction keep up with the pace of national technological evolution, to avoid the national digital governance into "technology idling". Therefore, it is urgent to strengthen the interdisciplinary perspective and put the issue of grassroots statistical reform under the multiple care of national governance, grassroots governance and historical institutionalism.
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