文章摘要
农民合作社的规范与发展
Standardization and development of farmer cooperatives:
投稿时间:2023-03-13  修订日期:2023-07-19
DOI:
中文关键词: 合作社  规范治理 经营绩效  剩余索取权 剩余控制权
英文关键词: Cooperatives  Standardized governance  Operational performance  Residual claim  Residual control
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目)
作者单位邮编
崔宝玉* 安徽大学 230009
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中文摘要:
      讨论合作社的规范与发展能否兼得以及何以兼得,对于审视当下中国合作社发展路径具有重大意义。基于安徽省399家国家级示范社监测数据,探讨了规范治理对其经营绩效的影响,分析了何种权利安排能够实现合作社规范与发展。研究发现:第一,规范治理对合作社经营绩效具有显著正向影响,且对组织绩效的增进效应强于对社员绩效的增进效应。第二,盈余分配和民主决策规范对合作社经营绩效的影响具有异质性,相对于民主决策规范,盈余分配规范是提高合作社经营绩效的主要路径。第三,调整合作社权利安排、实现剩余控制权与索取权有效匹配,是实现合作社规范与发展兼得的关键路径,而调整决策方式、设置优先股等都是实现“两权”有效匹配的可行路径。本文为重塑合作社治理机制提供启示,为探寻中国合作社发展路径提供借鉴。
英文摘要:
      This article discusses whether it is possible to achieve both standardization and development of cooperatives, and how to achieve it, which is of significant importance in examining the current development path of cooperatives in China. Based on monitoring data of 399 national demonstration cooperatives in Anhui Province, the article explores the impact of standardized governance on cooperative performance and analyzes what kind of power arrangement can achieve cooperative standardization and development. The study finds that: firstly, standardized governance has a significant positive impact on cooperative performance, and the enhancement effect on organizational performance is stronger than on member performance. Secondly, the impact of surplus allocation and democratic decision-making norms on cooperative performance is heterogeneous, and compared with democratic decision-making norms, surplus allocation norms are the main path to improve cooperative performance. Thirdly, adjusting the power arrangement of cooperatives and achieving effective matching of residual control and claim rights are the key paths to achieve both standardization and development of cooperatives, while adjusting decision-making methods and setting preferred shares are feasible paths to achieve effective matching of "two rights". This article provides inspiration for reshaping cooperative governance mechanisms and provides reference for exploring the development path of cooperatives in China.
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