文章摘要
论布依族“伴礼”交换与地方社会关系建构 ——基于黔中鱼陇寨的田野考察
The Bouyei "Ban Gift" Exchange and the Construction of Local Social Relations ——Based on the field investigation of Yulong Village in central Guizhou
投稿时间:2022-01-06  修订日期:2022-04-20
DOI:
中文关键词: 布依族  “伴礼”交换  社会交往  关系网络
英文关键词: Bouyei nationality  "Ban Gift" exchange  social interaction  social network
基金项目:
作者单位邮编
蒙锦贤 山东大学 250100
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中文摘要:
      “伴礼”指同村民众之间互相陪伴送礼的习俗,也指陪伴者所赠送的礼物。当一个家庭面临婚丧大事时,将获赠来自其姻亲家庭所召集的“伴礼”。布依族“伴礼”习俗具有注重粮食意象、礼物份额固定和女性作为实践主体等特征。“伴礼”交换以人作为中介,打破了二元赠受的关系结构,将更多的实践主体纳入交换体系中,使得交换关系和回报义务呈现出更为多元和复杂的样态。“伴礼”交换将村际之间的民众连结为有机团结的整体,建构和维系着错综复杂的“泛亲属”社会关系网络,在理念上形成“人人都是亲戚”的社会结构,既影响着地方民众的日常生活和交流实践,也体现了人们对“美好社会”之内涵的集体认同与世代追求。
英文摘要:
      "Ban Gift" refers to the custom of giving gifts to each other in the same village, and it also refers to the gifts given by the companions. When a family is faced with a wedding or funeral, it will be presented with "Ban Gift" gathered from its in-laws' families. The Bouyei "accompanying gift" custom has the characteristics of focusing on the image of food, fixed share of gifts and women as the main body of practice. "Ban Gift" exchange uses people as an intermediary, breaks the dual relationship structure of gift and acceptance, and incorporates more practical subjects into the exchange system, making the exchange relationship and return obligation more diverse and complex. "Ban Gift" exchange connects people between villages into an organic unity, constructs and maintains an intricate "Generalized Relatives" network, and forms a social structure of "everyone is a relative" in concept, which not only affects It also reflects people's collective identity and generational pursuit of the connotation of "wonderful society".
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