文章摘要
乡村的试探性政治——以华北太行山区的一次祈雨仪式为例
Tentative Politics in the Countryside——A Case Study of Rain Prayer Ritual in Taihang Mountains of North China
投稿时间:2021-06-03  修订日期:2021-08-10
DOI:
中文关键词: 祈雨  仪式  仪式记忆  乡村政治
英文关键词: Praying for rain  Ritual  Ritual memory  Rural politics
基金项目:本文系“中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助课题”(项目编号:2021QN008)的阶段性成果
作者单位邮编
罗士泂 北京体育大学 100084
赵旭东 中国人民大学 100872
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中文摘要:
      传统农业社会时期,祈雨作为一项重要的仪典广泛实践于国家与民间社会之中。在革命的话语体系以及追求现代化的进程中,祈雨被贴上“迷信”的标签之后便慢慢淡出了人们的视野。因此,早已失去既往意识形态支撑的祈雨仪式即便被组织起来,其目的也绝非是为了祈雨,而是夹杂着其他的利益诉求与政治考量。基于太行山区某村复原的“祈雨”仪式的田野调查,我们发现活动的组织者为了顺利将这项中断了五十多年的仪式重新启动,构建出一套新的话语体系进行政治试探以规避不必要的风险。然而,这项活动并没有得到多数人的支持,人们反而借助仪式本身去诉说自己对于村庄政治的不满。可以说,仪式的复原既是社会记忆的再现与重构,更是乡村政治的集中性表达。
英文摘要:
      In the traditional agricultural society, praying for rain has been widely practiced in the state and civil society as an important ritual. However, under the discourse system of revolution and in the process of pursuing modernization, praying for rain has been labeled as “superstition” that gradually faded out of the sight of people. Hence, even if the ritual of praying for rain has been organized which had lost its support of the forepassed ideology for a long time, the purpose would never be praying for rain, but mixed with other interests and considerations of power. Based on the fieldwork about the renewed ritual of praying for rain in a village which is located in Taihang Mountainous area, we found that although the organizers constructed a new discourse system to avoid unnecessary risks, thus to restart the ritual smoothly which has been suspended for over 50 years, the revitalization movement doesn"t achieve the support of the majority, instead, villagers expressed their dissatisfactions with the village politics by using the ritual. As it were, the renew of the ritual is not only the representation and reconstruction of social memory, but also the concentrated expression of the village politics.
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