文章摘要
城乡发展与新生代农民工的工作流动——基于打工地和输出地的城乡多点研究
Urban-Rural Development and the Job Mobility of the New Generation of Migrant Workers: An Urban-Rural Multi-site Research based on Receiving and sending Sites
投稿时间:2021-04-27  修订日期:2021-07-19
DOI:
中文关键词: 新生代农民工  工作流动  城乡发展  机会结构  城乡多点研究
英文关键词: the new generation of migrant workers  job mobility  urban-rural development  structural opportunity  urban-rural multi-sites research
基金项目:
作者单位邮编
王欧 华中师范大学 430079
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中文摘要:
      由于近年来农民工打工地和输出地的巨大发展,对新生代农民工的工作流动的考察需要从传统制造业扩展至新兴服务业,从打工地扩展至输出地。本文采用城乡多点调查法收集经验材料,考察城乡发展对新生代农民工的工作流动的影响。研究发现,打工地城市经济的“脱实向虚”转型创造了大量时间安排更自由灵活、收入更高的平台服务业工作,吸引新生代农民工加速从传统行业流入,但此类工作的弹性专制劳动体制削弱了工作稳定性,城市的限制型公共服务供给进一步增加了工作流动性。与此同时,农民工输出地由政府强力推动的“脱贫攻坚”提供了大量廉价且家庭友好型的工作机会,并大幅提升了公共服务水平,吸引新生代女工留守、陪读和本地化就业,强化了新生代农民工以男性为主导的性别化工作流动模式。本文的研究表明,尽管近年来的城乡发展导致了新生代农民工的工作流向变化,却没有促进其技能发展和向上流动。
英文摘要:
      Due to the tremendous development of receiving and sending sites in recent years, the investigation of the job mobility of the new generation of migrant workers needs to expand from traditional manufacturing to emerging service industries, and from receiving to sending sites. This article uses the urban-rural multi-sites research method to collect empirical materials, and investigates the impact of urban-rural development on the job mobility of the new generation of migrant workers. The study found that the transformation of the urban economy from "off the real to the virtual" provides more free and flexible working schedules and higher income, attracting the new generation of migrant workers to accelerate the mobility to the platform sectors. However, the flexible despotic regime of this type of work reduces its job stability, and the cities" restricted public service supply further increases its job mobility. At the same time, the “poverty alleviation” strongly promoted by the government in the sending sites of migrant workers, have provided a large number of cheap and family-friendly job opportunities and greatly improved the level of public services. These developments have attracted the new generation of female workers to return to their hometowns or continue to stay behind, strengthening the male-dominated gendered job mobility model. These findings show that although the urban-rural development in recent years has led to changes in the work flow of the new generation of migrant workers, it has not promoted their skill development and upward mobility.
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