文章摘要
贫困对农村居民自评健康的影响及机制分析
Impact of poverty on the health status of rural residents and its mechanisms
投稿时间:2020-12-06  修订日期:2021-02-26
DOI:
中文关键词: 贫困  农村居民  生理健康  健康消费  幸福感  转移支付
英文关键词: poverty  rural residents  physical health  healthy consumption  happiness  transfer payment
基金项目:国家社科基金青年项目“农村失能老年人家庭非正式照料及政策支持研究“(编号:20CRK016)。 四川省社科基金青年项目“家庭照料对儿童心理健康的影响及对策研究)”(编号:SC20C038)
作者单位邮编
张云亮 西南财经大学 611130
柳建坤 清华大学 100084
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中文摘要:
      健康扶贫是降低返贫风险和巩固减贫成果的重要战略,也是有效推进乡村振兴和乡村建设行动的重要举措。本文使用2017年中国家庭金融调查数据,实证考察了家庭贫困对农村居民自评健康的影响。研究发现如下:(1)家庭贫困显著损害了农村居民的自评健康;(2)食品消费不足和幸福感缺失是贫困损害农村居民健康的作用机制;(3)针对贫困户的特困补助、教育补助和退耕还林补助等转移支付可以显著削弱贫困对自评健康的负面影响;(4)相比于年轻人口,贫困对农村地区缺乏风险抵御能力的老年群体会产生更强的健康损害效应。本研究不仅为贫困损害居民自评健康提供了经验证据,而且为政府通过健康扶贫来巩固脱贫成果和乡村振兴提供了政策参考。
英文摘要:
      Health poverty alleviation is an important strategy to reduce the risk of returning to poverty and consolidate the results of poverty reduction, as well as an method to push the project of rural revitalization and rural construction. This article uses the 2017 China Household Finance Survey data to empirically examine the impact of poverty on the self-rated health of rural residents. The research findings are as follows: (1) Poverty can damage the self-rated health of rural residents; (2) Insufficient food consumption and lack of happiness are the mechanism that poverty damages the health of rural residents; (3) Transfer payments to extremely poor households can significantly weaken the negative effect of poverty on the rural’s physical health; (4) Poverty will have greater health damage effects on the elderly groups that lack risk resistance in rural areas than the younger groups. This study not only provides empirical evidence that poverty damages self-rated health, but also provides a policy reference for the government to consolidate the results of poverty alleviation and the rural revitalization through health poverty alleviation.
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