文章摘要
乡村都市化背景下傣族村社制度的再生产与基层社区治理研究——以云南西双版纳州曼弄枫村为例
Research on the Reproduction of Dai Village Community System and its Community Governance in the context of Rural Urbanization:A Case Study of Mannongfeng Village, Xishuangbanna Prefecture
投稿时间:2020-11-01  修订日期:2020-12-11
DOI:
中文关键词: 乡村都市化  村社制度  社区治理  傣族  西双版纳
英文关键词: rural urbanization  village community system  community governance  Dai ethnic minority  Xishuangbanna
基金项目:2020年国家民委民族研究项目“交互主体视域下边疆民族团结进步创建的历史、经验与对策研究”(2020-GMC-007)
作者单位邮编
王欣 湖南师范大学 410081
王焕午 中山大学社会学与人类学学院 
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中文摘要:
      在民族地区以村社为基础的制度和文化形式体现在社会生活的各个方面。虽然在乡村都市化进程中,傣族村社制度在村社成员的生产生活团结体系、基层政治管理、村社内外的社会交往等方面产生了一定程度的变迁。但傣族村社成员在市场、国家、村社等场域的互动中,综合了文化传统、规则以及个体行动,实现了村社团结方式的创新,传统村社组织结合基层民主政治形成新型管理方式,村社成员与外来人口形成了相互依存且互不干涉的和谐相处模式。傣族村社制度在乡村都市化的进程中,把日趋分散的个体重新整合起来以应对当代社会发展中的风险、并重塑城市化所带来的流动性与村社整体的关系,在基层社区治理中走出了一条以村社成员为主体、自下而上的发展路径。
英文摘要:
      In ethnic areas, the system and cultural forms based on the village community are reflected in all aspects of social life. Although in the process of rural urbanization, the Dai village community system has undergone a certain degree of changes in the aspect of member solidarity, grass-roots political administration, as well as the social communication between villagers and outsiders. However, in the interaction of market, country and village community, Dai village community members integrated cultural traditions, rules and individual actions, realizing the innovation of village community solidarity. The traditional rural organizations combine with the community-level democracy to form a new management mode. The villagers and outsiders form a harmony relationship. In the process of rural urbanization, Dai village system play a role that integrating the individuals to cope with risks in the development of contemporary society, and restoring the relationship between liquidity brought by the urbanization and the village community, forming a bottom-up development way of community governance that the village members being the main body.
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