文章摘要
文化失调、组织再造与乡村建设——从梁漱溟《乡村建设理论》论起
Cultural Disorder, Organizational Reengineering and Rural Construction: From Liang Shuming's "Theory of Constructing the Country"
投稿时间:2020-08-11  修订日期:2020-10-30
DOI:
中文关键词: 文化失调  组织再造  乡村建设  梁漱溟  
英文关键词: cultural disorder  organization reengineering  rural construction  Liang shuming  
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
郭占锋 西北农林科技大学/陕西省乡村治理与社会建设协同创新研究中心 guozhanfeng@nwsuaf.edu.cn 
黄民杰 西北农林科技大学/陕西省乡村治理与社会建设协同创新研究中心  
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中文摘要:
      梁漱溟先生是20世纪30年代中国乡村建设运动中的先行者和践行者,其著作《乡村建设理论》在中西方文化对比的基础上剖析中国文化所遭遇的问题,认为中国旧社会组织构造崩溃的根本原因在于极度的文化失调。梁漱溟先生经过深思熟虑,从乡村组织再造着手,试图通过“乡农学校”这一乡村组织,再造“新文化、新礼俗”,进而在组织中重建乡村社会制度、调整乡村社会关系、以“理性”维持乡村社会秩序,最终达到乡村社会重构之目的。在当前乡村振兴战略实施的关键时期,本文期望重新深度剖析梁漱溟乡村建设理论中“文化失调”、“组织再造”和“乡村建设”之间的内在逻辑关系,从整体系统的视角揭示其内在的基本原理,并进一步阐释其乡村建设的主要思想内涵,最后结合当前乡村振兴战略进行充分讨论。
英文摘要:
      Liang Shuming was the forerunner and practitioner of the rural construction movement in China in the 1930s. His book "Theory of Constructing the Country " analyzed the problems encountered by Chinese culture on the basis of the comparison between Chinese and Western cultures, and believed that the root cause of the collapse of China"s old social organization was the extreme cultural imbalance. After careful consideration, Liang Shuming started from the reconstruction of rural organizations, trying to recreate "new culture, new etiquette" through the rural organization and then rebuild the rural social system in the organization, adjust rural social relations, and maintain it with "rationality , so as to finally realize the reconstruction of rural society. In the critical period of the implementation of the current rural revitalization strategy, this article hopes to re-analyze Liang Shuming’s rural construction theory of the internal logical relationship between "cultural imbalance", "organizational reconstruction" and "rural construction", and reveal its inherent logic from the perspective of the overall system, and further explains the connotation of the main ideas of the rural construction, finally combining the strategy of rejuvenating rural fully discussed.
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