文章摘要
集镇、集期与集市经济:施坚雅农村市场理论的经济人类学阐释
Market Town, Market Periodicity and Bazaar Economy: Economic Anthropological Interpretation on Skinner’s Peasant Marketing System Model
投稿时间:2020-07-06  修订日期:2020-09-27
DOI:
中文关键词: 施坚雅,中心地理论,农村市场,集市经济,格尔茨
英文关键词: William Skinner  Central place theory  Peasant marketing system  Bazaar economy  Clifford Geertz
基金项目:教育部人文社科重点研究基地重大项目“山地、流域与族群社会:西南民族地区的生态、文化多样性与社会变迁研究”(项目编号:17JJD850004)
作者单位E-mail
宋靖野 中山大学历史人类学研究中心 songjye0718@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      施坚雅的农村市场理论影响深远,但也因缺乏对乡民经济活动的实证分析而受到挑战。本文基于四川罗城的田野调查,以经济人类学的集市经济理论来重新诠释施坚雅的集期理论和市场社区理论。认为配合并改善集市经济中需求总量的不足,及以师徒关系和巡回贸易来降低成本的生产特征,是集期制度的主要意图;而集市经济中信息的稀缺,及以老主雇关系来限制交易风险的消费特征,则是促成基层市场社区形成的重要机制。
英文摘要:
      While William Skinner’s peasant marketing theory remains influential, it has been criticized for failing to offer a positive analysis of peasant’s marketing practice. Building on fieldwork in Luocheng, Sichuan Province, this paper revisits Skinner’s theories of market periodicity and standard marketing community from an economic anthropological perspective especially the bazaar economy theory. It argues that market periodicity mainly responds to limited demand and cost control performance such as apprenticeship and circulating trade. While the standard marketing community mainly results from the information scarcity and risk management conduct such as the making of clientelization.
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