文章摘要
标语何以有效防疫:“责任性治理”的解释——以农村“硬核标语”为分析对象
Why slogans are effective for epidemic prevention:an explanation of responsible governance ——Taking“Hardcore Slogans”in Rural Areas as examples
投稿时间:2020-06-26  修订日期:2020-07-24
DOI:
中文关键词: 硬核标语  有效防疫  责任性治理  政治责任  治理责任  履责政治
英文关键词: Hardcore slogans  Effective epidemic prevention  Responsible governance  Political responsibility  Responsibility of governance  Assumed responsibility of political
基金项目:创新研究群体科学基金湖北省社科基金重点项目“城乡社区疫情防控与疫后加强和完善城乡社区治理制度体系对策研究”(项目编号:HBSKZD2020022)、教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目“乡规民约与农村基层治理法治化的对接机制研究”(项目编号:16YJC810011
作者单位E-mail
李华胤 华中师范大学中国农村研究院 lihuayin123@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      标语话语一般直接从政府文件或国家领导人讲话中提取金句,是外生性的。但是,在新型冠状病毒疫情防控中,农村内生出了大量言辞夸张、话语强势的“硬核标语”。其主要目的是宣传、动员和指导防疫、治疫的村级行动。通过对内生性的“硬核标语”进行深度剖析后发现,“硬核标语”是一种基于责任逻辑的内源性生产。在疫情防控中,村级权力主体既承担着对“上”的政治责任,也承担着对“下”的治理责任。在体制性问责和社会性问责双重压力之下,村级干部选择利用“硬核标语”这种特殊的话语形式积极回应和践行双重责任,并形成了有效防疫的治理效应,体现为“责任性治理”模式。“硬核标语”有效防疫的背后突显了村级治理的制度优势与治理活力,而这源自于“话语式履责”行为。责任与治理紧密相关。政治责任和治理责任是基层官员的两大责任,构成履责政治的基本内涵。高政治责任、高治理责任下的履责行为,更容易形成较高的治理效能。新时代,责任政治建设强调问责,但更要强调回应责任和履行责任。在实践上要积极探索和建构农村基层“责任性治理体制”,以履责政治实现乡村善治。
英文摘要:
      Slogan discourse, which is usually extracted directly from government documents or speeches of national leaders, is exogenous. However, in novel Coronavirus epidemic prevention and control, a lot of "hardcore slogan" with exaggerated and strong words appeared in the countryside. Its main purpose is to publicize, mobilize and guide village-level actions for epidemic prevention and treatment. Through in-depth analysis of the endogeneic "hardcore slogan", it is found that the "hardcore slogan" is an endogenous production based on the logic of responsibility. In the prevention and control of the epidemic, village-level authorities bear the political responsibility for the upper and the governance responsibility for the lower. Under the dual pressure of institutional accountability and social accountability, village officials choose to actively respond to and practice their dual responsibilities by using the special discourse form of "hard-core slogan", which forms an effective anti-epidemic governance effect, embodied in the mode of "responsible governance". The "hardcore slogan" behind the effective epidemic prevention highlights the institutional advantages and governance vitality of village-level governance, which is derived from the "verbal accountability" behavior. Responsibility is closely related to governance. Political responsibility and governance responsibility are the two major responsibilities of grassroots officials, which constitute the basic connotation of accountability politics. With high political responsibility and high governance responsibility, it is easier to form higher governance efficiency. In the new era, political construction of responsibility emphasizes accountability, but more importantly, responsiblity and fulfillment of responsibility. In practice, we should actively explore and construct the "responsible governance system" at the rural grass-roots level to fulfill the political responsibility and realize good governance in rural areas.
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