文章摘要
新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情对农业生产的微观影响
The Effect of COVID-19 on Agricultural Production from the Micro Point of View: A Sample from 130 Counties in an Eastern Agricultural Province of china
投稿时间:2020-03-26  修订日期:2020-05-27
DOI:
中文关键词: 新型冠状病毒肺炎(COVID-19)  农业  影响  疫情  农业新型经营主体
英文关键词: Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia(Covid-19)  Agricultural  Impact  The Outbreak  New agricultural business entities
基金项目:] 本项目是国家自然青年科学“我国蔬菜田头价格剧烈波动的农户种植行为非对称调整策略研究(编号:71403152)”的成果之一。本次调研部分内容作为智库成果被所在省政府做肯定性采纳。[
作者单位E-mail
孟光辉 山东农业大学 intodream@126.com 
安康 山东农业大学  
陆启凤 山东农业大学  
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中文摘要:
      研究通过对中国东部的农业大省95%辖区130个县域675个包括家庭农场、合作社、种养大户、农业产业化龙头企业、农业社会化服务组织等在内的农业新型经营主体的深度调研,从微观角度来衡量新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情(COVID-19)对中国农业的影响程度。本次疫情对中国农业影响广度达到80%,对农业产业化龙头企业、畜禽水产养殖业、果蔬业负面影响严重,而对粮食种植业的影响相对较小。人力匮乏、物流梗阻、生产成本上升和流动资金匮乏致使疫期恢复农业生产困难。建立防疫条件下的优先保障农业生产机制,明确农业生产防疫标准,积极利用财政工具,就地解决农业劳动力,提供财政支撑的农业担保贷款,是恢复农业生产的可探索路径。积极反思疫期暴露出的农业生产短板问题,建立应急状态下的农业保供和生产可持续循环机制,方为长久之计。
英文摘要:
      To measure impact of COVID-19 on China"s agriculture from micro view by investigated 675 new types of agricultural businesses including family farms, cooperatives, large farming, agricultural industrialization leading enterprises, agricultural socialized service organizations, which scatter over more than 130 counties and cover 95% county territory of one outstanding agricultural province in east China.And to find out that the outbreak has affected at least 80% members of the agriculture operator.The outbreak has a serious negative impact on leading enterprises of agricultural industrialization, livestock and poultry aquaculture, fruit and vegetable industry, but a relatively small impact on grain planting industry.Lack of manpower, logistics obstruction, rising production costs and lack of liquidity make the agriculture recovery more difficult during the epidemic period.It maybe the way to restore agricultural production quickly by establishing a mechanism giving priority to agriculture in the context of epidemic prevention, setting clear epidemic prevention standards,, using financial tools actively to help obtaining agricultural labor force local,providing working fund through agriculture loan guarantees.In factit it is a permanent solution for this problem to introspect the problems which exposed in epidemic period and establishing sustainable mechanism of agricultural products supplying under emergency conditions.
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