文章摘要
“谣言”与转变:地方政府环境治理的风险平衡逻辑 —基于广西速生桉种植政策的分析
"Limited" and "Forbidden": The "Balanced" Administrative Logic of the Fast-growing Planting Policy of Local Governments in Guangxi
投稿时间:2019-10-29  修订日期:2020-03-06
DOI:
中文关键词: 谣言  政策转变  平衡逻辑  风险意识
英文关键词: Rumor  policy change  balance logic  risk awareness
基金项目:广西高校人文社科项目“风险社会视阈下广西边境地区的生态建设研究”的阶段性成果。
作者单位E-mail
罗永仕 河海大学公共管理学院 youni217369@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      近十年来广西的速生桉及其相关产业迅猛发展,成为区内第九个千亿元产业,速生桉有毒的“谣言”也随之日渐喧嚣。在多数科学研究表明速生桉无毒的前提下,广西部分地方政府转而限制或禁止种植速生桉,结果却导致了手段与目的的背离,即“限桉”与“禁桉”不仅无法平息速生桉“有毒”的论调,反而导致政府自我角色扮演的模糊。政策的转变体现了地方政府的“平衡”行政逻辑:在社会生态、经济发展与政府自我角色扮演之间寻求平衡,但在现代社会风险的全面渗透之下,速生桉种植政策的转变要求地方政府在“平衡”的行政过程中超越不作为的“不出事”逻辑,以复杂风险的意识“平衡”各方利益。
英文摘要:
      Rumor that e spreads far and wide among the ordinary people, but the scientists who don’t think so. Dispute between this two sides have not been stopping since the eucalyptus is planted in our country. As eucalyptus planting and its related industries has grew into a 100 billion yuan industry in recent years, the view that eucalyptus is poisonous has become more and more noisy. In this context, Guangxi local governments have changed their attitude about eucalyptus suddenly. Namely, from encourage to restrict and forbid. The shift of policy embodies the local governments’ ‘balance’ administrative logic in their daily management. In doing so, they aim at the balance among social ecology, economy and self-role playing. The ‘balance’ logic is not reflection of ‘nothing happened’, but embodies the local governments’ positive response which is intrinsic requirement for social governance during the social transition.
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