文章摘要
易地移民搬迁能实现“搬得出、稳得住、能致富”吗?—基于陕南S县的调查
Can the Resettlement Program achieve the goal of ‘immigrant out, settling down and leaving out from the poor’? - Based on a case of S County in Southern Shaanxi
投稿时间:2019-09-05  修订日期:2019-12-31
DOI:
中文关键词: 精准扶贫 易地搬迁 社区建设
英文关键词: Targeting  to the  poor accurately, resettlement  policy, community  development.
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
刘金龙 中国人民大学农业与农村发展学院 liujinlong@ruc.edu.cn 
金萌萌 中国人民大学农业与农村发展学院  
巴枫 中国人民大学农业与农村发展学院  
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中文摘要:
      本文梳理了陕南S县易地搬迁的政策变迁历程,从目标、对象、手段和效果四个维度,以旧宅腾退、社区重建和市场培育等方面分别回答易地移民政策能否实现“搬得出、稳得住、能致富”的目标。从S县扶贫实践来看,易地移民搬迁增加了搬迁人群的家庭财产的总额,但不利于贫困农户管理社区自然资源,从宅基地腾退、社区重建和市场培育角度看,易地搬迁难以实现政策目标。城镇集中搬迁模式需要从健康、卫生和教育人手,大幅度改进贫困户人力资本,需要重视社区的重建以重构基层治理体系,市场环境的净化,让市场成为资源配置的主导力量,方可真正实现“搬得出、稳得住、能致富”的目标。
英文摘要:
      Taking S County in southern Shaanxi as an example, this paper combs the policy change of resettlement program of the poor in southern Shaanxi. From the four dimensions of goal, objectives, means and outcomes, and attempt to answers whether the resettlement policy can achieve the goal of "Immigrant out, Settling down, and leaving out from the poor" in terms of old resident evacuation, community reconstruction and market cultivation. From the practice of poverty alleviation in S county, the total amount of family property of the resettlement population has been increased, but it is not conducive for poor households to manage community natural resources. The resettlement policy can reluctantly achieve the goal of "Immigrant out, Settling down, and leaving out from the poor". It is necessary to improve the human capital of the poor households from the perspectives of health and education We need to pay attention to the reconstruction of the community, the reconstruction of the governance system, the favorite market environment, and let the market become the dominant force in the allocation of resources, in order to truly achieve the goal of " Immigrant out, Settling down, and leaving out from the poor ".
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