文章摘要
社会资本、抗逆力与留守儿童的教育获得——基于7省“农村中小学生发展状况调查”的实证研究
Social Capital, Resilience and Education Outcomes of Left-behind Children ——An Empirical Study Based on the Survey of Rural School Students' Development Status in Seven Provinces
投稿时间:2019-05-31  修订日期:2019-10-06
DOI:
中文关键词: 教育获得  社会资本  抗逆力  留守儿童
英文关键词: Education Outcome  Social Capital  Resilience  Left-behind children
基金项目:国家社会科学基金重大项目“中国特色社会体制改革与社会治理创新研究”(16ZDA078);国家社科基金青年项目“城市社区社会工作理论创新及整合行动体系构建研究”(17CSH051);国家社科基金青年项目“我国农村留守儿童现状调查报告”(10CSH049)
作者单位E-mail
严骏夫 华东理工大学 masahiro1990@126.com 
徐选国 华东理工大学  
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中文摘要:
      利用2014年“我国农村留守儿童现状调查课题组”在7省(自治区)开展的农村中小学生发展状况调查数据,本文考察了社会资本对留守儿童教育获得的影响,并进一步探讨抗逆力在多个维度的中介效应。结果表明:留守儿童的抗逆力水平会直接影响其学业努力程度,但未对其教育期望和辍学意愿产生直接影响;抗逆力同时在家庭社会资本、社区社会资本、学校社会资本和朋辈社会资本对教育获得产生作用的过程中发挥了“中介作用”,较高的家庭社会资本、社区社会资本、学校社会资本和朋辈社会资本有助于提升留守儿童的抗逆力程度,间接影响其学业努力程度;不同类型社会资本发挥着不同程度的正面效应,其中学校社会资本和朋辈社会资本具备互补作用,前者是留守儿童学业努力、辍学意愿的保护因素,后者是教育期望的保护因素。
英文摘要:
      Using the data from the survey on the development of rural school students in the seven provinces from the “Research on the Status of Left-behind Children in Rural China” in 2014, the article examines the impact of social capital on the education outcomes of left-behind children and further explores the multidimensional mediating effect of resilience.The results show that the level of resilience of left-behind children directly affects their academic efforts, but it has no direct impact on their educational aspiration and their intention to drop out;resilience also plays a mediating role in the process of social capital impacting the education outcome. Higher family social capital, community social capital, school social capital and peer social capital improve the resilience of left-behind children while affecting the level of academic effort; different types of social capital play different positive effects,school social capital and peer social capital have complementary functions that the former is the protective factor of left-behind children's academic efforts and intention to drop out and the latter protects educational aspiration.
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