文章摘要
“劳动力”何以成为一种贫困观?——基于宁边村的调查研究
How does the "labor" become a concept of poverty? ——Based on the investigation and research of Ningbian Village
投稿时间:2019-03-31  修订日期:2019-06-24
DOI:
中文关键词: 小农  贫困观  劳动力  自我剥削  社会结构
英文关键词: peasant  Poverty view  Labour  Self exploitation  Social structure
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
李文钢 贵州财经大学 lwgyq520@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      对贫困人口的贫困观展开研究不仅有利于理解贫困人口的日常生活世界,还有利于提升扶贫政策的政策绩效。作者在田野调查中发现,宁边村四个族群村民的贫困观是将劳动力与贫困和致贫原因建立因果联系,这种现象放入学术史中检视时是属于小农对劳动力的“自我剥削”。文章从社会结构的进路,在宏观、中观和微观层面解释了宁边村四个族群村民为什么在理解自身所处的贫困和致贫原因时对自己所拥有和能够支配的劳动力进行“自我剥削”。研究表明,宁边村四个族群村民对劳动力“自我剥削”的社会根源是处于社会结构边缘位置的小农对中国城乡二元结构制度性歧视的一种保护性反应,并非是因为他们自觉接受了自决、自立、依靠个人奋斗等来自西方社会的现代性话语。
英文摘要:
      Studying the poverty outlook of the poor is not only helpful to understand the daily life world of the poor, but also to improve the policy performance of the poverty alleviation policy. In the field investigation, the author found that the poverty view of the four ethnic groups in Ningbian Village is a causal link between the labor force and the causes of poverty and poverty. This phenomenon is regarded as a “self-exploitation” of the labor force by small farmers when examined in academic history. From the perspective of social structure, the article explains at the macro, meso and micro levels why the four ethnic groups in Ningbian Village are “self” in their own and capable labor when they understand their poverty and the causes of poverty. Exploitation." The research shows that the social roots of the “self-exploitation” of the four ethnic groups in Ningbian Village are a protective response of the small farmers at the edge of the social structure to the institutional discrimination of the urban-rural dual structure in China, not because they consciously accepted it. Self-determination, self-reliance, individual struggle, and other modern discourses from Western society.
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