文章摘要
西方人类学农民研究综述
Review on Anthropological Study of Peasants in the West
投稿时间:2018-09-14  修订日期:2019-01-07
DOI:
中文关键词: 农民  文化 社区  政治经济 过程
英文关键词: peasants, culture, community, political  economy, process
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
史艳兰 云南财经大学社会与经济行为研究中心 shiyanlan5517957@126.com 
陈刚 云南财经大学 社会与经济行为研究中心  
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中文摘要:
      作为农村基层和农业发展的主体,农民对新时期国家乡村振兴战略重要部署具有重要意义。农民研究包含了人类学所关注的所有多样性和复杂性特征。在资本主义全球化背景下,农民概念中的复杂性使得对其进行具体分类和厘清尤为必要。本文通过对国外人类学农民概念及相关农民研究的梳理,呈现出人类学农民研究的三个重要阶段:即对农民的定义经历了从模糊到清晰,从清晰到逐渐被消解,以及当下再小农化的历史进程。总体而言,农民研究主要围绕文化和政治经济两个方向展开。二十世纪以来,农民以不同的形式融入更广泛的社会组织中,农业正在以农民的方式日益重组。
英文摘要:
      During the New Era in China, peasants, as the major force in the rural grass-roots and rural development, play an important role in the state strategy to revitalize the countryside. Peasant study contains all the variety and complexity nature of anthropology. In the background of the capitalist globalization, the concept of peasant is very complex, which needs specific classification and clarification. This article, by reviewing anthropological concept of peasant in the West and other relevant peasant study, displays three important periods in the anthropological study of peasant, i.e. the definition of peasants from vagueness to clearness, from clearness to gradual elimination, and the historical process of re-downsizing peasant scale at the present time. In general, the peasant study has been conducted in the aspects of culture and political economy. Since the 20th century, the status of peasants has been blended with broader social organizations in various forms, and agriculture is being re-organized in the peasants’ ways.
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