文章摘要
社群互动与认同重构———以东太湖流域的一个移民社会为例
Stigma Interaction and Identity Reconstruction———An Example of a Migrant Society in East Taihu Basin
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 陌生人经验  污名  建构性  污名叙事  多重认同
英文关键词: Stranger experience  Stigma  Constructive  Stigma narratives  Multiple identities
基金项目:本文系河南省教育厅 2019 年度人文社会科学研究一般项目“太湖流域河南移民的身份污名与社群认同”(项目编号:2019 - ZDJH - 409)与信阳市 2018 年度哲学社会科学规划课题“太湖流域的河南移民方言岛研究”(项目编号:2018GQ010)的阶段性成果。
作者单位
周 波 信阳师范学院法学与社会学学院 
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中文摘要:
      污名是移民在地化过程中常见的现象,但学界对于污名与认同的关系的认识仍有待深入。通过对一个位于吴江东太湖流域的移民社会的考察,发现移民在与本地人的污名互动中形成了多样化的认同分类,即原籍认同分类“河南人 - 苏北人 - 本地人”、地方认同分类“太湖人 - 高田人”以及污名分类“太湖强盗 - 高田蛮子”。 污名互动表面上制造了社会的分裂,但实际上强调了不同社群的共存关系,其对于移民完成在地化和认同重构具有重要意义。 从污名切入进行移民认同的研究时,应在污名互动中全面考察互动各方的污名规范与污名实践,从而解答充满污名的社会如何具备共同体的可能性的问题。
英文摘要:
      Stigma is a common phenomenon in the process of localization of migrants, while the understanding of the relationship between stigma and identity needs to be deepened. Through the investigation of a migrant society in eastern Taihu basin, the author founds that in the course of the stigma interaction with local people, migrants formed diversified identity classification, which contains the origin identity classification, local identity classification and the stigma classification. Stigma interaction creates social division on the surface, while actually emphasizes the coexistence of different communities, which is of great significance for migrants to complete localization and identity reconstruction. When researching migrant identity from the perspective of stigma, the stigma norms and practices of all interactive parties should be comprehensively investigated in the interaction of stigma, so as to answer the question of how a society which is full of stigma can have the possibility of become a community.
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