文章摘要
“校服风格“中的学生文化分层
Student Culture Stratification Hidden in the “School Uniform Style“
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 销匿  “校服风格”  学生文化  社会分层
英文关键词: Hidden  “School uniform style”  Student culture  Social stratification
基金项目:本文为国家社科基金“十二五”规划教育学一般项目“乡村学校建设与基层社会文化治理研究“ (项目编号:BBA150016)的研究成果。
作者单位
常亚慧 陕西师范大学教育学院 
万晓霞 陕西师范大学教育学院 
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中文摘要:
      在面对学校主流文化由内向外的“规训”时,学生不仅会接受与内化,同时也会派生出独具“风格”的亚文化与之“抗衡”。 研究以参与式观察为主要研究方法,深入班级,倾听学生关于校服的“言说”,记录他们通过改造校服“抵抗”学校规定的具体事件。 在此基础上,以社会分层理论为分析框架,深入挖掘学生对待校服的“态度”与“行动”背后的社会意义,勾勒出销匿在学生亚文化“风格”中的社会分层图景。 在对原生家庭阶层文化认同的“自甘”态度下,学生以校服为载体采取“对峙”的行动方式与学校主流文化相抗争,最终在结构性的制度壁垒与自致性的能力抉择的双重“施压”下形成具有生产性的学生文化。
英文摘要:
      In the face of the “discipline” from inside out of the mainstream culture of the school, students will not only accept and internalize, but also produce a unique “style” subculture to “compete” with it. The study took participatory observation as the main research method, went deep into the class and listened to the students’ “ speech” about uniforms, then, recorded the specific events they “resisted” the school regulations by changing uniforms. On this basis, take the social stratification theory as the analytical framework, the social significance behind the “attitude” and “action” of students towards school uniforms is deeply explored, and the picture of social stratification hidden in the “style” of student subculture is outlined. Under the “self-induced” attitude of cultural identity of the original family class, students take “confrontation” action mode with school uniform as carrier to fight against the mainstream culture of the school, which eventually result in productive student culture under the dual “ pressure” of structural institutional barriers and self-induced abilitychoices.
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