文章摘要
新中国成立以来我国高等教育城乡不均衡的最新演变———基于 CGSS2015 数据的分析
The Latest Evolution of Urban-Rural Inequality in Higher Education in China———Based on the Analysis of CGSS2015 Data
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 高等教育  “90 后"  机会分配  城乡不均衡
英文关键词: Higher education  “Post-90s"  Distribution of opportunities  urban-rural inequality
基金项目:本文系教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金“教育获得中的同胞支持效应研究”(编号:19YJC840044)的阶段性研究成果,同时获得江苏服务型政府建设研究基地(南京理工大学)的支持。
作者单位
吴 炜 南京理工大学公共事务学院 
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中文摘要:
      文章使用中国综合社会调查(CGSS)2015年的数据,考察了我国城乡之间高等教育入学机会分配的新变化。数据结果显示:第一,高等教育入学机会分配中的城乡不均衡仍然存在;第二,与“80后”相比,“90后”中高等教育机会分配的城乡差异显著下降;第三,城乡不平等程度下降更多表现在量的层面,在质的层面,相对于专科教育,本科教育中的城乡不平等程度没有明显变化。基于已有研究结果,文章完整展现了新中国成立70年来我国高等教育城乡不平等先下降后上升再下降的演变全貌,对理解70年来高等教育中的城乡不均衡演变具有重要意义,也为新时代提出更具针对性的教育公平政策提供了实证依据。
英文摘要:
      Using the data from the China General Social Survey (CGSS) in 2015, the article examines the new changes in the allocation of higher education enrollment opportunities between urban and rural areas in China. The results show that: first, the urban-rural inequality in the allocation of higher education enrollment opportunities still exists; Second, compared with the “post-80s” generation. The urban-rural differences in the distribution of higher education opportunities in the “post-90s” are significantly lower; Third, The decrease of urban-rural education inequality is more manifested in the level of quantity. On the qualitative level, there is no significant change in the degree of urban-rural inequality in undergraduate education relative to specialist education. Based on the existing research results, this article presents a complete picture of the evolution of Urban-Rural Inequality in higher education after the 70 years of the founding of New China, which first declined, then rose and then fell. It is of great significance to understand the evolution of urban-rural inequality in higher education in the past 70 years, and also provides an empirical basis for putting forward more targeted educational equity policies in the new era.
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