文章摘要
农村养老服务供给变迁:70 年回顾与展望
The Change of Rural Elderly Service Supply in 70 Years: Retrospect and Prospect
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 农村老人  养老服务供给  变迁逻辑  国家责任  新时代
英文关键词: Rural elderly  Elderly service supply  Logic of change  State responsibility  New age
基金项目:国家社会科学基金重点项目“农民工回流视角下的农村养老保障研究”(16AGL013),教育部人文社会科学基金青年项目“居家养老服务满意度的比较研究:基于政府购买模式差异的视角”(17YJC810005),广东省普通高校特色创新类项目“居家养老服务满意度的评价与比较研究:政府购买模式的视角”(2018WTSCX151),东莞理工学院科研启动项目“政府购买模式与居家养老服务满意度的评价研究”(ZJ20181008)。
作者单位
黄俊辉 东莞理工学院法律与社会工作学院 
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中文摘要:
      新中国成立 70 年来,农村养老服务供给变迁内嵌于社会转型当中,历经萌芽发育期、曲折发展期、快速推进期和深化改革期四个阶段。 在家庭联产承包责任制、农村税费改革、养老服务需求扩大等事件的触发下,农村养老服务供给沿着“供给主体—对象群体—服务类型—服务内容—供给机制”的逻辑主线演进。 新时代农村养老服务的主要矛盾转变为广大农村老人日益增长的养老服务需求和不平衡不充分的供给之间的矛盾,具体表现为服务供给总量不足、补缺型模式的局限性、供需结构性矛盾突出、服务质量明显偏低。 展望今后农村养老服务供给的改革方向,重点应集中在扩大服务供给总量、提供适度普惠型养老服务、优化服务供给结构、提升服务质量等方面。
英文摘要:
      Since 1949, the change of rural elderly service provision has been embedded in the social transformation, which can be divided into four stages: embryonic development stage, tortuous development stage, rapid advancement stage and deepening reform stage. Under the trigger of household contract responsibility system, rural tax and fee reform in rural areas and demand for elderly service, the supply of rural elderly service has undergone three evolutions along the logical main line of “subject of supply-target groups-service type-service content-supply mechanism”. In the new era, the main contradiction of the rural old-age service is the contradiction between the increasing demands for elderly service and the inadequate supply of elderly service, which is manifested in the insufficiency of the total supply of service, the limitation of the complementary model, the prominent structural contradiction between supply and demand, and the low quality of service. Looking forward to the future direction of reform, we should focus on expanding the total supply of rural elderly service, providing moderately inclusive elderly service, optimizing the service supply structure, and improving the quality of elderly service.
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