文章摘要
农村基层治理体制实践与发展 70 年:有效的视角
The Practice and Development of Rural Grassroots Governance System in the Last 70 Years: based
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 农村治理体制  创新实践  有效  国家建设
英文关键词: Rural governance system  Innovative practice  Effective  National construction
基金项目:本研究得到教育部人文社科研究青年基金项目“乡规民约与农村基层治理法治化的对接机制研究”(项目编号:16YJC810011)、中央高校科研基本业务经费项目“乡村振兴视野下村民自治有效与单元有效的关系研究”(项目编号:CCNU18XJ010)的支持。
作者单位
李华胤 华中师范大学中国农村研究院 
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中文摘要:
      新中国成立 70 年来,农村基层治理体制不断转换和发展。 其中,既有农村寻求高适应性治理形式的村庄逻辑,也有国家建设目标在农村落实的国家逻辑。 国家是农村治理体制创新实践的关键变量,有效是治理体制转换中国家与农村的共同追求。 国家建设目标既通过治理体制得以实现,也直接反映在体制所要实现的有效性内涵上。 现代化的阶段性不同,国家建设目标不同,治理体制也具有不同的特点,运行机制也不同,所实现的有效性内涵也不同。 从有效视角审视 70 年来农村治理体制的实践,经验丰富、成就巨大,农村治理体制与国家建设高度同构。 新时代建构乡村善治体制强调有效,有效的内涵包括行政、自治、组织、服务等多方面。 有效的农村治理体制既要有效适应农村实际,也要有效实现国家建设目标,是一种功能复合性的、多元内涵式的治理体制。
英文摘要:
      Since 1949, rural grassroots governance system changes continuously. The logic of system transformation includes the rural logic of seeking highly adaptive governance form in rural areas and the national logic of achieving national construction goals in rural areas. The state is the key variable of innovation practice of rural governance system, and effectiveness is the common pursuit of country and countryside in the transformation of governance system. The goal of national construction is not only realized through the governance system, but also directly reflected in the effective connotation of the system. The stage of modernization is different. The goal of national construction is different. The governance system has different characteristics. The operation mechanism is different. And the effective connotation is different. From practice of the effective perspective of 70 years of rural governance system, rich experience, great achievements, rural governance system and national construction is highly isomorphic. The construction of rural governance system in the new era emphasizes effectiveness, which includes administration, autonomy, organization, service and other aspects. Effective rural governance system not only wants to be adaptive to rural reality effectively, but also wants to realize national construction target effectively.
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