文章摘要
从反思到实践:有机农业的发展历程与话语变迁回顾
From Reflections to Actions: A Review on the Development and Discourses of Organic Farming
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 有机农业  话语变迁  主体关系
英文关键词: Organic farming  Discourse change  The relationship among subjects
基金项目:
作者单位
吴小沔 清华大学社会学系 
贺聪志 中国农业大学人文与发展学院 
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中文摘要:
      文章通过对有机农业发展历史的知识考古学梳理,回顾有关有机农业话语的变迁过程,以理解有机农业于当代社会的意义。研究发现,有机农业话语的发展共经历四个阶段。有机农业已从处于社会边缘的反思性农业实践,发展为全球范围内多主体参与的话语竞争场域。话语变迁的动力机制由时代背景决定,涉及各主体特定的话语实践与主体关系。只有充分理解“有机农业”相关话语的流变性与建构性,以及变动背后资本、国家和社会之间的复杂关系,才能在面对这一舶来概念时保持冷静。
英文摘要:
      Taking Michel Foucault’s notion of an archaeology of knowledge as a model, this paper attempts to explore the social meaning of organic farming in modern society, based on systematic review and analysis of related discourse. The study reveals that the history of organic farming can be divided into four phases. Organic farming has grown from a marginalized reflexive agricultural practice to a discourse field with various stakeholders. The change of the discourse is caused by certain social background, which creates certain discourse as well as certain relationship among different stakeholders. After understanding the fact that the meaning of “organic” is constructive and variable, which is constructed by complex relationships among capital, state and society, we are able to keep calm in front of this “imported conception”.
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