文章摘要
泥淖之上 科层之下:产业扶贫中乡土企业与基层政府的关系研究
Above the Mire and under the Bureaucrats: Research on the Relationship between Local Enterprises and Grassroots Government in Industrial Poverty Alleviation
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 产业扶贫  乡土企业  基层政府  政企关系  行动规则
英文关键词: Industrial poverty alleviation  Rural enterprise  Grass-roots government  Relationship between government and enterprise  Action rules
基金项目:国家社科基金重大项目“构建全民共建共享的社会治理格局研究:聚焦人口流入型地区” (编号:15ZDC028)、2019年度教育部人文社会科学研究西部和边疆地区项目“西部乡村产业振兴中基层政府、企业与农户的互动关系研究”(项目编号:19XJC840003)、陕西师范大学中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目“西部乡村产业振兴与县级政府行为研究”(编号:18SZYB34)
作者单位
田 雄 陕西师范大学哲学与政府管理学院 
刘 丹 华东理工大学社会与公共管理学院 
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中文摘要:
      在贫困地区乡村,具有不同行动逻辑的行动者及其编织的关系网构成了产业扶贫政策实施的民情基础。 返乡精英创办乡土企业参与产业扶贫后,在追求盈利、公益和认同的多目标过程中,因自身资源有限而采取拟亲性关系构建、人情馈赠等行为,使基层政府分配扶贫项目具有排他性;基层政府及官员则遵循扶贫政绩竞争、乡土社会网络和政治共同体信任的逻辑,将项目回馈给企业。 这种政企关系表明,在经济利益规则基础上,政企互动遵循伦理规则可较快对接国家与贫困小农,弥补基层政府自身的不足,但非正式的伦理规则削弱了作为正式规则的扶贫政策执行成效,增加了乡土企业的经营成本。 这种政企遵循多重规则的产业扶贫与西部乡村市场发育、社会基础和政府治理构成的宏观环境密切关联。
英文摘要:
      In poor rural area, actors with different logic of action and their networks of relationship constitute the community basis for policy implementation. The elites who return to their hometown to set up rural enterprises to participate in industrial poverty alleviation, tend to adopt the behaviors of quasi-kinship construction, interpersonal gifting or others in pursuit of multiple goals of profitability, commonweal, and identity due to their limitation of resources, which makes the resource allocation of governments’ poverty alleviation projects exclusively. As for the grass-roots governments and officials, they tend to feedback the projects to local enterprises, following the principles of achievement competition, mutual familiarity and political trust. The fact that informal human relationships are integrated into poverty alleviation policies shows that the interactive model of interests and ethics between governments and enterprises can quickly build up a joint relationship between the state and poor smallholder farmers and make up for the lack of resources of grass-roots governments, but it also raises the implementation cost of industrial poverty alleviation policy and the operating cost of local enterprises. This poverty-alleviation pattern and operation process are closely related to the macro-environment of market, society and governance in the western region.
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