文章摘要
农业的生产时间与劳动时间:学术争论与价值意涵
Production Time and Labor Time of Agriculture:Academic Debate and Value Implication
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 农业  生产时间  劳动时间  学术争论  价值意涵
英文关键词: Agriculture  Production time  Labor time  Academic debate  Meaning of value
基金项目:国家社科基金重大项目“农业社会学的基本理论与前沿问题研究”(17ZDA113); 国家社科基金一般项目“农业社会学的理论框架与核心议题研究”(17BSH002)
作者单位
桑 坤 中国农业大学人文与发展学院 
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中文摘要:
      长期以来,资本主义在农业生产领域所遭遇的障碍问题,尤其是小农经济的存续,使马克思政治经济学的解释地位遭受质疑。曼和狄金森在马克思劳动价值论的基础上,通过论述农业生产时间与劳动时间的非一致性问题为马克思政治经济学辩护。此后围绕农业生产时间与劳动时间这一议题,穆尼等学者与曼和狄金森进行了争论。文章以曼和狄金森的核心文章为切入点,系统梳理了这一争论的学术渊源、核心观点、分析框架及理论基础。回顾这一学术争论过程,围绕经典议题争论背后的新韦伯主义研究范式转向,对中国农业社会学有重大的启发意义。新韦伯主义范式强调从社会文化传统的角度去理解农业,并在具体分析上兼顾马克思宏观的政治经济分析与恰亚诺夫的微观个体行动,对于把握当下中国复杂多样农业转型与社会变迁具有借鉴意义。
英文摘要:
      For a long time, the obstacles encountered by capitalism in the process of penetrating into the field of agricultural production, especially the survival of small-scale peasant economy, have made the traditional interpretation status of Marxist political economy in western agricultural society questioned. On the basis of Marx's labor theory of value, the authors defend Marx's political economy by discussing the inconsistency between agricultural production time and labor time. Since then, scholars such as Monney have argued with Mann and Dickinson about the issue of agricultural production time and labor time. This paper takes the core articles of Mann and Dickinson as the entry point, and systematically sorts out the academic origins, core viewpoints, analysis framework and theoretical basis of the dispute between man, Dickinson and Mooney. By reviewing this process of academic debate, this paper argues that the new weber's research paradigm shift behind the debate on classical issues has profound implications for Chinese agricultural sociology. The neo-weber paradigm is deeply concerned about the development of civilization and takes into account Marx’s macro political and economic analysis and chayanov's micro and individual action in concrete analysis, which is of great reference significance for grasping China’s complex and diverse agricultural transformation and social change.
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