文章摘要
农村留守儿童生存现状调查报告
The Investigation Report on Survival Status of Left-behind Children in Rural Areas
投稿时间:2015-03-03  修订日期:2015-03-03
DOI:
中文关键词: 城镇化  农村留守儿童  生存现状
英文关键词: Urbanization  left-behind children in rural areas  survival status
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
邬志辉 教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地东北师范大学农村教育研究所所长、教授、博士生导师 wuzh@nenu.edu.cn 
李静美 东北师范大学农村教育研究所2012级硕士研究生  
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中文摘要:
      农村留守儿童问题是城镇化不彻底所导致的衍生性问题。基于对10个省(市)9448名农村义务教育阶段留守儿童的实证调查发现,留守儿童在身体生长发育、教育监管方面弱于非留守儿童,而在心理和学习等方面与非留守儿童无显著差异。农村留守儿童并非“问题儿童”,而是“弱势儿童”;农村留守儿童群体内部存在分化,母亲外出留守儿童、低龄留守儿童以及处于成长关键期的留守儿童需引起社会各界重点关注。解决农村留守儿童问题的原则与路径在于,协同主体,构建关爱留守儿童的长效机制;聚焦核心,关注留守儿童重点群体与关键方面;着眼根本,呼唤母亲回归与城市接纳。
英文摘要:
      The problems of left-behind children in rural areas are the derivatives of incomplete urbanization. Based the empirical investigation on 9448 left-behind children in rural areas from 10 provinces, arthors found that left-behind children were weaker in physical growth and education supervision than non-left-behind children. However, there was no significant difference in learning and psychology. The left-behind children are not so-called ‘problem children’, but belong to the ‘vulnerable children’ group. There are also differentiation existed inside this group. Mother-out left-behind children, low-aged left-behind children and left-behind children in the critical period of growth, need to draw great attention from all sectors of the whole society. Based on the empirical research and scientific analysis, authors put forward several principles and methods: (1) the whole society should be collaborative and establish a long-term mechanism; (2) paying more attention on the target groups and key aspects involved; (3) calling for more and more mothers returning home and strengthening social acceptance.
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