文章摘要
当代农村再婚问题探讨:以华中S县为例
Remarriage in Contemporary Rural China: A Case Study in S County, Central China
投稿时间:2014-08-24  修订日期:2014-08-24
DOI:
中文关键词: 再婚  当代农村  性别  生命历程
英文关键词: Remarriage  contemporary rural China  Gender  Life Course
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
黄玉琴 华东理工大学社会学系 yuqinhuang2004@hotmail.com 
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中文摘要:
      随着再婚率的上升,中国当代农村人口的再婚问题成为一个值得学术界关注但通常被忽视的领域。关于西方社会和中国城市人口再婚的既有研究提出:女性丧偶者/离异者再婚的可能性远比男性低;随着年龄的增长,再婚率骤降,对女性尤其如此。但本文所呈现的定量数据和定性资料皆显示,这些结论不适用于中国农村的再婚情况。为了解释这个现象,本文结合一个根据“2005年1%人口抽样调查数据”的抽样数据集推算出的定量资料和笔者在华中S县所搜集的定性资料,从性别和生命历程的视角探讨了农村人口的再婚差异及其原因。文章由此揭示了影响农村人口再婚差异的个体性和结构性的因素,以及与再婚相关的家庭内部权力关系的变化。
英文摘要:
      With the rapid increase of remarriage rate in China, remarriage in contemporary rural China becomes an important but often neglected research field. The conclusions drawn by the existing literature show that female widowed/divorced were far less likely to remarry than their male counterparts, and the probabilities of remarriage declined rapidly with age, particularly for women. Both quantitative dataset and qualitative inquiries presented in this article, however, suggest that it is not the case for the contemporary rural Chinese population. In order to explain the discrepancies, this article refers to some quantitative dataset and qualitative information collected by the author in S County, central China, and looks at the differentiated remarriage probabilities among rural population and the reasons behind from a gender and life course perspective. This article thereafter reveals the factors at both an individual and a social/structural level which affect the rural population’s remarriage choices, and the related changing power relations both between and within gender groups and generations.
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