文章摘要
地权的阶层关系属性:阶层分化与地权冲突 ———对江汉平原一个乡镇的个案分析
The Hierarchical Relationship Property of Land Rights: Class Differentiation and Land Ownership Conflict———Case Study on a Township in Jianghan Plain Rural Areas
投稿时间:2013-05-09  
DOI:
中文关键词: 阶层分化  地权冲突  地权共识  阶层关系属性
英文关键词: Class differentiation  Land rights  Land rights conflicts  Land rights consensus  Hierarchical relationship property  Middle class  Petition  Mass incidents
基金项目:本文是国家社科基金青年项目“增强和扩大党在农村的阶层基础和群众基础研究“(批准号: 12CKS016)和“城乡一体化进程中的乡镇治理能力研究”(批准号:12CSH038)的阶段性成果。
作者单位
杨华 华中科技大学马克思主义学院讲师、中国乡村治理研究中心研究人员,邮编:430074
 
欧阳静 江西财经大学财税与公共管理学院讲师,邮编:330013。 
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中文摘要:
      农村地权嵌入村庄社会关系并被其形塑。在阶层分化越来越明显的当前农村,地权已深深 地镶嵌进了农村阶层关系之中,阶层而非个体、家庭抑或家族作为行动者的交互作用及动机、价值取向 影响着农村的地权意识。地权的社区共识被地权的阶层共识取代,使不同阶层在处置村庄土地时发生 地权冲突。在这个过程中,秉持不同地权诉诸原则的阶层的利益关系、社会关系、力量对比关系、政治博 弈关系以及它们的变动,都影响着地权在不同阶层间的配置及其不稳定性,地权由此深深地烙上了阶层 关系的属性。地权在本质上反映的是附着在土地上的“阶层与阶层之间的关系冶。被烙上阶层关系属性 的地权的冲突,其实质是阶层之间的冲突。
英文摘要:
      Rural land rights embedded in the village social relationship and also shaped by them. In the present, the class differentiation of rural areas becomes increasingly evident, the land rights have been deeply embedded into the hierarchical relationship of rural China. Moreover, the class rather than the individual, the family or the clan as the actors interaction and motivation, value orientation affect the awareness of the rural land rights. The community consensus of land rights have been replaced by the class consensus of land rights, so that the land ownership conflicts occurred between different classes. In this process, the relations of interests, social, the correlation of forces and the political game among the classes who up hold the different demands of land rights, have affected the configuration of the land rights among the different classes, and land rights thus deeply branded on the properties of the class relations. In essence, land rights reflect the “relationship among the classes冶. The land rights conflicts which branded hierarchical relationship property are the conflicts among classes in essence.
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